Scientific NameVerbena urticifolia
Other Common Names:
Upright and branched annual or shortlived perennial depending on location.
Lanceolate to ovate in shape and up to 6 inches long and 2.5 inches wide, coarsely serrated or crenate margins. Leaves can be hairless or hairy. When hairs occur the upper surface is less hairy than the underside. Leaves are often wrinkled around the veins.
Can reach heights of 3-6 ft tall, stems are green and angular. Stems are densely hairy with leaves spaced evenly along the length.
Flower Seed Head
Flowers are on spikes and a single plant can have multiple spikes on mature plants.
Small nutlets that are ellipctic in shape and up to 0.25 inches long and ribbed.
Marshes, woodlands, old fields, waster areas, pastures, roadsides
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
square or multi-edged