common blue violet
Scientific NameViola sororia
Other Common Names:
hooded blue violet
woolly blue violet
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Viola papilionacea var. priceana
Viola palmata var sororia
This low growing, spreading, perennial flowers from April through June.
The heart-shaped leaves occur on long petioles arising from the basal crown. Leaves are hairless and have a rounded, toothed margin.
This plant can be identified by its heart-shaped leaves, purple flowers, and rhizomes. The lowest petal on the flower is also lacking a spur, helping distinguish it from a great-spurred violet.
Flower Seed Head
The bluish purple flowers occur on leafless stalks that grow to the same height as the leaves. Each flower has 5 petals, with the lateral petals being bearded or hairy at the base.
The seeds develop in a three-parted capsule that is capable of ejecting the seeds when ripe.
This plant can be found in damp soils near woods and meadows. Tolerant of most areas, this plant does not grow in the extreme north or south locations of the United States.
prostrate and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
longer than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval