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Weed Identification

rugosa rose



Scientific Name

Rosa rugosa

Other Common Names:

beach rose


The deciduous compound leaves are dark green and lustrous. The stout stems are densely covered with fine thorns and develop colonies from underground stems after a few years

Identifying Characteristics

This erect, many branched, introduced, leafy shrub will grow to a height of four or five feet.

Flower Seed Head

The two to three inch diameter flowers will range from white to purple. Single blooms emerge all summer long. The flowers give rise to tomato-like red hips which range in size from inch to 1 inch in diameter. Heavy fruiting usually begins the second year after establishment.

Where Found

Rugosa rose is a native of China, but has a wide range of adaptability. Its best performance is on sandy, light textured soils, but it will do well on medium textured soils. This rose will not tolerate poorly drained sites. It is well adapted to coastal environments.

Life Cycle


Plant Type