Scientific NameMorus rubra
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Morus rubra var. murrayana
The leaves are simple, alternate, and up to 2 dm long. The leaves are broad, egg-shaped, and lobed. The base of the leaf is square, as if it has been cut off abruptly. The tip of the leaf is pointed. The leaves have sharply serrated margins. The upper leaf surface is rough to the touch. The lower surface is soft and covered with short hairs.
Mulberry Family (Moraceae). Red mulberry is a tree that can reach 20 m in height and 45 cm in diameter. Red mulberry has a short trunk and stout, spreading branches that form a roundtopped crown. The bark can be smooth or scaly and is dark brown in color. The branchlets are covered with short hairs.
Flower Seed Head
The petioles are 2 to 3 cm long and produce a milky fluid when broken. The catkins that bear stamens are 2 to 5 cm long. The catkins that bear pistils are 2 to 2.5 cm long.
Red mulberry has aggregate fruits that are 2 to 3 cm long. The fruits are juicy and have a dark purple color.
Red mulberry is found in floodplains, river valleys, and moist hillside
woody bush or tree
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval