Scientific NameLolium perenne ssp. multiflorum
Other Common Names:
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Lolium perenne ssp. Italicum
Lolium perenne var. aristatum
Lolium perenne var. multiflorum
This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system.
Leaves are rough to touch on top side with a glossy underside, veins are prominent with smooth margins.
Wide collar region with narrow claw-like auricles seed head is a 4-16 in long spike.
Flower Seed Head
4-16 in long spike with alternate spikelets along the stem. Each spikelet is made up of a long awn with 10 to 20 florets.
Across the United States this species is a problem in turf, orchards, landscapes, nurseries, and grain crops. This plant likes cool weather and can thrive in most soil types.
Leaf Hair on Upper Surface
hairs from base to tip
rolled in bud
Mature Leaf Width
less than 5 mm,
6 to 15 mm
less than 1 mm,