Scientific NameSalix nigra
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Black willow grows to be a small to medium sized tree. It can grow up to 50 feet in height and one foot in diameter. It is often found near bodies of water with many of its branches hanging over the water.
The leaves of black willow are lanceolate in shape, and 3 to 6 inches long. The edges are serrated and the leaves are pinnately veined. The leaves are dark green and shiny on the top, and light green on the bottom.
Black willow is distinguished by its long, thin, finely toothed, pointed leaves.
Flower Seed Head
The flowers of black willow are small and are borne on catkins. The catkins are one to three inches long. The actual flowers are tiny and green. They are present from May to June.
The fruit of black willow is cone shaped. It contains many small, cottony seeds. The capsules split on maturity, from June to July.
Black willow is found throughout the eastern United States, as far west as Nebraska and Texas.
woody bush or tree
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval