Scientific NameRosa multiflora
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
This member of the rose family can grow up to 15 feet in height, with its branches taking root where they touch ground. It can be found blooming in early spring.
The alternate leaves are composed of 7 to 9 hairless leaflets. Each leaflet grows from 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches in length, and have serrated margins. A fringe of stipules can be found at the base of the leaf petioles.
This plant has many curved thorns along its stems, and can be distinguished by its stipules at the base of the leaves, and also by its stubby growth characteristics.
Flower Seed Head
The small white to pink flowers grow in clusters at the ends of branches. Each individual flower generally has 5 petals, and can grow up to an inch in diameter.
The seeds are produced in fruit-like achenes that are green but gradually turn red at maturity. Each achene grows from 4 to 4.5 mm in length.
This plant can survive in a variety of soil conditions. Although, it prefers sunny, well-drained areas. It cannot tolerate extreme cold, drought, or excess standing water. It can be found growing in fields, pastures, and roadsides.
woody bush or tree
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
longer than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval