Scientific NameSetaria italica
Other Common Names:
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Foxtail millet is an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall.
Leaves can be glabrous and may be rough and up to 12 inches long. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. The ligule is a fringe of hairs that is less than a tenth of an inch.
Foxtail millet can be identified by its hairy ligule and hollow stem that has pubescence on the nodes.
Flower Seed Head
The seedhead is a bristly panicle, similar to most of the foxtail species. The seedhead is nodding and ranges from 1 to 8 inches long. This species flowers from July to September.
The fruit is a caryopsis, a simple dry grain, that is oval in shape. The color can vary from tan, red, brown to black.
Commonly a weed of fields, pastures, turf, and other non crop sites, such as railroads and roadsides.
Leaf Hair on Upper Surface
rolled in bud
Mature Leaf Width
6 to 15 mm,
more than 15 mm
less than 1 mm,