Scientific NameCichorium intybus
Other Common Names:
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum
Cichorium intybus var. foliosum
Germination begins late spring to early summer; however, the plant has very rapid growth and begins flowering as early as June and as late as September.
Early on, a basal rosette forms but is absent later on during flowering. Leaves are alternate, rough haired and larger at the bottom. Upper leaves are 3-7 cm long, stalkless, and clasp the stem. Basal leaves can be 10 to 20 cm long and 2 to 12 cm wide. Margins are irregularly toothed and lobed. Rosette leaves are similar to dandelion but they are hairy and rough.
It is a tall plant with purple flowers, milky sap and rought hairs on the leaves and stems.
Flower Seed Head
Flowers appear in clusters of 2-5 blooms at the leaf axils or stem nodes. They are small and green to white on long slender stalks.
Fruit are small egg-shaped capsules with three chambers. The seeds harbored in those chambers are very small, dark brown, flattened, and kidney-shaped.
It infests road sides, disturbed areas, railroads, and some agronomic and forage fields throughout the US and in parts of Canada.
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
Stem Cross Section
round or oval