Scientific NameCardamine hirsuta
This winter annual flowers from late winter into spring. Sometimes, it can also be a summer annual.
Pinnate leaves are in basal rosettes and are formed from 2 to 4 pairs of leaflets arranged alternately along the central leaf stem. The leaf segments are round to wedge shaped, with hairy lower petioles near the base. Upper surface of leaves are also hairy. Has a large terminal leaf.
The plant grows erect, reaching 12 inches in height with a taproot. Cotyledons are round, hairy, and occur on petioles. It can be often confused with Calepina, but calepina does not have the rounded leaflets.
Flower Seed Head
White flowers occur in dense clusters at the end of flowering stems. Individual flowers are 2 to 3 mm long, and have 4 petals.
Seeds form in a flattened capsule 3/4 to 1 1/4 inches in length. When disturbed, the capsules can expel the seeds, which can travel up to 10 feet away.
Roadsides, turf, gardens, disturbed areas, and fields throughout the state.
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval