Scientific NamePerilla frutescens
Other Common Names:
Perilla mint is a summer annual that grows usually 1.5 to 2 feet in height. It grows in many soils and is particular to pastures and hay fields.
The leaves of perilla mint are opposite from each other. They may be green to purple in color. They are often toothed and oval in shape. They may be 2 to 5 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide. They extend from petioles that are usually approximately 2 inches long.
Characteristics that make perilla mint distinguishable from other plants are its oval, toothed, green to purple leaves and its mint-like odor.
Flower Seed Head
The flowers of perilla mint are in clusters that are said to be bottle-brush like in appearance. The individual flowers have a 2 toothed lower lip and a 3 toothed upper lip and are white or purple-tinged.
Perilla mint is found in the United States in most states east of the Rocky mountains.
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf,
longer than leaf
Stem Cross Section
square or multi-edged