Scientific NameTrifolium dubium
Other Common Names:
lesser hop trefoil
This winter annual flowers from midspring into early summer. Its freely growing branches are found either upright or creeping.
The leaves are formed from 3 small leaflets that are narrow towards the base and are broadest near the tip. Leaflets have prominent veins, and the terminal leaflet has a short stalk.
The stems of this plant are usually hairy, with a reddish color. It is similar to the large hop clover, but with smaller leaves and flowers.
Flower Seed Head
Bright yellow flowers form in heads of three to fifteen. They form in looser clumps than other clovers.
Each flower usually bears one seedpod containing one seed.
This plant grows in disturbed areas, such as roadsides, pastures, near sidewalks, and any other kind of turf.
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval