Scientific NameTrifolium campestre
Other Common Names:
Synonyms (former Scientific Names):
This winter annual has many branched stems with leaves composed of three leaflets. The plant grows from midspring through early autumn.
Leaves are formed from three ellipsoidal leaflets. The leaflets are toothed near the tip. This plant is different from others in this family in that the terminal leaflet is distinctly stalked. Leaves have a distinctly prominent midrib with no white veins
The stem is often hairy and prostrate. The petioles are often shorter than the leaflets.
Flower Seed Head
Flowers occur in loose clusters on long stalks attached to the leaf axils. The bright yellow flowers usually grow in clusters of 20-30 per stalk.
The seeds grow in pods, usually 2-3 seeds per pod.
This plant does not do well in either excessively dry or humid regions. It prefers to grow along roads, in pastures, and other disturbed areas.
upright and nonwoody
Thorns or Spines
Approximate Flower Diameter
Dominant Flower Color
shorter than leaf
Stem Cross Section
round or oval